Gingivitis is the not a very serious problem of gum. It is medically termed as the inflammation of gum. But it is needless to say that many nominal issues can be fatal. So it should be treated at early stage to avoid periodontal disease. Though it is minor problem, still there is no doubt that gingivitis is very unpredictable and painful also. If it is not treated at primary stage it can destroy soft tissues and associated teeth.

inflamed gums

Cause of Gingivitis:

Many factors can be responsible for gingivitis. Mostly it comes from improper caring of teeth and mouth. Plaque will be built if brush and floss cant be done at regular basis and at least twice in day. The natural question is what is plaque? Plaque is sticky substance accumulated by bacteria, food particles, mucus etc on the teeth. Gradually by building up plaques it forms tartar. It is the hard deposit formed at the base of teeth. Gingivitis is then suspected when plaque and tartar is made up simultaneously. It causes swelling and infection. Sometimes rough brushing can lead to gingivitis. It is essential to have the tooth brush soft and medicated. Besides, these above mentioned factors, hormonal imbalance, uncontrolled diabetes, menopause, pregnancy, illness and many more can be responsible.

Symptoms of Gingivitis:

Except pain on gum, there are some significant symptoms which are mentioned below.

  • Bleed from gum while brushing
  • Redness of gum
  • Swollen gum
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Bad breath or Halitosis

So if anybody feels gingivitis without wasting time consult with your dentist. Otherwise, it can become more severe and needs long time treatment. But if it is consulted during preliminary stage antibacterial mouth wash, brushing and flossing can kill the bacteria and reduce the pain. If not, advanced gingivitis needs oral surgery.

Authored By Dr.C.M.Bejoy Mony, M.D.S.

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