If you are facing issues related to the movement of your jaw and the muscles surrounding it, you might be suffering from Temporomandibular disorder (TMD), a localized pain disorder. Temporomandibular joints contain tendons, bones, and muscles and help the jaw in its movements for chewing, talking, and yawning. It is a sliding hinge and one of the most complex joints in the body that connects the jaw to the temporal bones of the skull. An injury to the jaw or the muscles of the head and neck can lead to temporomandibular disorders.
What causes Temporomandibular disorder?
Depending upon the cause, jaw pain can occur on both sides of the jaw or only on one side. According to many dentists, there is no particular cause for this disorder. However, there are some speculated causes of TMD as follows:
Symptoms of TMD:
TMD can be painful and requires effective treatment. Look out for the symptoms and be one step ahead at treating TMD.
TMD encompasses various disorders that may overlap. These are as follows:
Muscular pain and other issues in the joints related to a Temporomandibular disorder can go away with time. However, in some cases, the symptoms recede and come back again. Thus TMD needs treatment and for successful treatment, an accurate diagnosis is paramount.
A dentist or doctor discusses the symptoms with the patient and examines the jaw. He or she:
The following medications can help you find relief from pain associated with TMD:
When none of the above treatments work, the doctor suggests going for certain surgical procedures like:
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